Spatial ALD: Cost efficient and high throughput solar cell production

Spatial ALD solves the current market challenge of short lifespan and decreasing efficiency.

solar cells

Increase efficiency

Perovskite-based solar cells are expected to become the future of photovoltaic energy generation because of their high efficiency and potentially low fabrication costs; either in a mono-junction, hetero-junction or in a tandem configuration with c-Si or other thin-film absorbers.

Perovskite-based solar cells
electron transport layers

Increase lifespan

Spatial ALD technology is used more and more in perovskite solar cells to increase efficiency and lifespan. Examples include hole- and electron transport layers such as SnO2, TiO2, ZnO and NiO, ultra-thin Al2O3 passivation layers and encapsulation layers.

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